The broad discussion on principles of local communities functioning has launched in Ukraine more than 10 years ago and engaged variety of stakeholders including ordinary citizens and highest officials. In 2014 local governance reform was announced as one of priorities of the Strategy of Development of Ukraine till 2020. As long as majority of discussions are focused on principles of communities’ associations, delegation of empowerment, principles of taxation, the existing tools of direct democracy available in the Ukrainian legislation on local governance are not used properly. Such tools as local initiatives, public expertise of adopted documents, public hearings on local communities problems, local statutes (“local charter”) are used as it should be in less than 10% of local communities (mainly in large cities). In some cases local statutes are used as a tool of communication between citizens and authorities (there are successful cases in big cities such as Odessa) but not as a tool of monitoring and influence.
Main types of conflicts we address
- Identity conflicts
- Conflicts based on ethnicity or religion
- Conflicts of different versions of
- Conflicts of visions of the
- (common) future